Extract of Officers - A History of the Maryland Line

Extract of Battles, Campaigns and Skirmishes - A History of the Maryland Line

Extracted information from "A History of The Maryland Line in the Revolutionary War, 1775-1783"

by Reiman Steuart, Published by the Society of the Cincinnati of Maryland, 1969

Sixth Regiment Officers ( p. 21)
Col. Otho Holland Williams, 10 Dec 1776; 1 Jan 1871, trans., 1st Reg.
Lieut. Col. Henry Shryock, 10 Dec 1776; 17 April 1777, resigned
Lieut. Col. Benjamin Ford, 17 Apr 1777; 1 Jan 1781 trans., 5th Reg., Lieunt Col. Commandant
Major Edward Tillard, 20 Feb 1777; 22 May 1779 transferred 4th Reg., Lieut. Col.

Among the Captains: Alexander Trueman, 10 Dec 1776 - 1 Jan 1781, trans., 2nd Reg.

Relevant information from Preface by Author (p.xi):
"In compiling the records of the Maryland officers who served in the Revolutionary War, I have relied principally on the various volumes of the Archives of Maryland especially Vol. XVIII, Heitman's Historical Register of the Officers of the Continental Army, McSherry's History of Maryland (the original edition), and records of the Society of the Cincinnati of Maryland. ...
"The Army lists are given in three parts - 1776, the formation of the seven regiments; 1781, the Reform of the Army when on 1 Jan the seven regiments were reduced to five and officers for whom there no place could be found, were "declared supernumerary;" and on 1 Jan 1783 the so-called Dissolution of the Army when nearly all officers were "deranged." ..."

Ford, Benjamin (p. 81):

1st Lieut., Smallwood's Batt., 3 Jan 1776
Capt., Smallwood's Batt., May 1776
Major, 2nd Reg., 10 Dec 1776
Lieut. Col., 6th Reg., 17 Apr 1777
Transferred, 5th Reg., 1 Jan 1781 at Lieut. Col. Commandant
Mortally wounded at Hobkirk's Hill, 25 Apr 1781
Died, 27 Apr 1781

Shryock, Henry (p. 128):

Lieut. Col., 1st Batt., Flying Camp, July 1776 to 1 Dec 1776
Lieut. Col., 6th Reg., 10 Dec 1776
Resigned, 17 Apr 1777

Tillard, Edward (p. 141):

Capt., 3rd Batt., Flying Camp - Anne Arundel Co. - Jul 1776 to 1 Dec 1776
Major, 6th Reg., 20 Feb 1777
Prisoner at Statton Island, 22 Aug 1777
Exchanged, 25 Oct 1780
Lieut. Col., 4th Reg., 22 May 1779
Declared supernumerary 1 Jan 1781
Died - 1830
Col. Tillard was an original Member of the Society of Cincinnati of Maryland and is represented by Richard Eldon Leithiser, Lieut. Col., United States Army Reserve, of Norristown, Penna.

Trueman, Alexander (pp. 141-142):

Ensign, 3rd Batt., Flying Camp-Prince George's Co. - July 1776
Capt., 6th Reg., 10 Dec 1776
Transferred to 2nd Reg., 1 Jan 1781
Retired 1 Jan 1783
Capt., 1st Infantry, United States Army, 3 Jun 1790
Wounded in action with Indians at the Miami River, Ohio, 4 Nov 1791
Major, 1st Infantry, United States Army, 11 Apr 1792
Found dead about 20 Apr 1792 having been killed, scalped and stripped by the Indians in Ohio.
Major Trueman was an Original Member of the Society of the Cincinnati of Maryland and was last represented by John Byrd McFerran Clancy, 1882-1954, of Kentucky

Williams, Otho Holland (pp. 148-149):

1st Lieut., Cresap's Rifle Co., 21 Jun 1775
Major, Stephenson's Rifle Reg., 27 Jun 1776
Prisoner and wounded at Fort Washington, 16 Nov 1776
Exchanged, 16 Jan 1778 for Major Ackland of the British Army and placed at the head of the 6th Reg.
Colonel, 6th Reg., 19 Dec 1776
Transferred to 1st Reg., 1 Jan 1781
Brigadier General, Continental Army, 9 May 1782
Adj. Gen. under Gen. Gates in South Carolina in 1781
Retired 16 Jan 1783
After the war, Collector of the Port of Baltimore
Born in Prince George's Co., 1 Mar 1749
Died at Woodstock, Va., 14 Feb 1794
Buried at Williamsport which was named for him
Gen. Williams was an Original Member of the Society of the Cincinnati of Maryland and is represented by Richard Neville White, Capt. United States Army, WWI, of Buffalo, New York.

Battles Campaigns and Skirmishes, extracted from Chapter 8 (related to the 6th Reg, Feb 1777-Feb 1780),

"A History of The Maryland Line in the Revolutionary War, 1775-1783"

by Reiman Steuart, Published by the Society of the Cincinnati of Maryland, 1969

In December 1776, Smallwood was ordered home to raise levies in Maryland and Delaware. This resulted in the seven regiments which became famous as the MARYLAND LINE.

(After the battle of Princeton, 3 Jan 1777) Washington then withdrew his army to Morristown, New Jersey, and kept the enemy in check for the rest of the winter. [Jan to May 1777 winter camp]

STATEN ISLAND, 22 Aug 1777.
General Smallwood, with four regiments, the 1st Maryland, 2nd Maryland, 3rd Maryland, and 6th Maryland, participated in what is known as Sullivan't Raid, the purpose of which was to capture one thousand Jersey Loyalists. Brigadier General Deborre, with two Maryland Regiments - probably the 4th and the 7th - and a company of New Jersey militia, crossed over to the Island, surprising the enemy, and after a short contest, took several officers and men prisoners. In the darkness of the night, Smallwood's guide made a mistake and led him to the front instead of the rear of the British, who attacked the rear guard left to pick up stragglers. The guard sold itself dearly, but after a vigorous resistance and some losses, it was compelled to surrender. Smallwood lost about two hundred of his best troops. Sullivan brought away from the Island twenty-eight civilians. He was brought before a Court of Inquiry, which said... "General Sullivan's conduct was such that he deserves the approbation of the country and not its censure." In modern parlance, "The operation was a success but the patient died." Maryland casulaties (included): Major Edward Tillard, 6th Regiment.

BRANDYWINE, 11 Sep 1777. [Brandywine Battlefield map]
Having received intelligence that General Howe had embarked nearly his whole force with the object of taking Philadelphia, Washington ordered the whole American Army to the Delaware River. On 22 Aug, Governor Johnson ordered the militia called out - twelve hundred and fifty from the Western Shore under General Smallwood, seven hundred and fifty from the Western Shore under Colonel Mordecai Gist. Under the charge of Colonel Levi Hollingsworth, at the Head of Elk, there was a quantity of stores which he feared would fall in the hands of the enemy. The Delaware militia and Richardson's 5th Maryland had been posted at the Head of Elk and secured the greater part of the stores, but several thousand bushels of grain fell into the hands of the British. Howe landed on 26 Aug and stationed part of his force at Elkton and part at Cecil Court House. The want of horses and the annoyances given by the Cecil and Harford County riflemen under William Paca and the other patriots kept Howe from advancing promptly and gave time for the greater part of the stores to be saved. Howe, on 3 Sep, began his march to Philadelphia, the American Army retreated slowly before him. On 11 Sep, the two forces took up their positions on the banks of the Brandywine Creek about twenty-five miles Southwest of Philadelphia. The Marylanders fought the battle under great disadvantages. Both General Sullivan and Brigadier General DeBorre were unpopular with the men, if not actually disliked by them. Colonel John Hoskins Stone says that only two of all the Maryland Regiments, his 1st Regular and Gist's 3rd Regular, had the opportunity to form. Gist was away in Maryland, as was Smallwood. DeBorre disobeyed orders, and Sullivan, for his bad generalship, was for a short time relieved of his command. The engagement resulted in the loss of three hundred killed six hundred wounded and three or four hundred prisoners. The only Maryland casualties were Captain Benjamin Stoddert, wounded, and Captain Joseph Ford, 1st Regiment, slightly wounded. [The 6th Regiment lost its Sergeant Major]

[interesting piece on Gen. Gist and timeline]

GERMANTOWN, 4 Oct 1777.
All seven Maryland Regiments were in the battle along (with) twelve hundred and fifty Maryland militia under Smallwood and seven hundred fifty under Gist. The battle was lost by the want of efficient organization, fog and smoke from the artillery and fires kindled by the British to increase the confusion, and exhaustion of ammunition - forty rounds per man being used up in three hours of incessant combat. Maryland casualties (included) Captain Levin Lawrence, 6th Regiment

THE WINTER OF 1777-1778
Washington, on his way to Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, about twenty-eight miles northwest of Philadelphia, where he was to go into winter quarters, on arriving at Gulph's Mill, a few miles north of Valley Forge, on 19 Dec 1777, ordered Smallwood "With the Division lately commanded by General Sullivan to march immediately to Wilmington," to guard the coast. He feared that the British at Philadelphia might move down and seize Wilmington; Smallwood, therefore, was ordered to guard the coast closely, keep his men on the alert and grant no furloughs unless absolutely necessary. As Valley Forge was only about twenty-five miles north of Wilmington, communication by messengers on horseback could be had daily.
In the latter part of December, the British brig "Symetry" ran aground near Wilmington, and after a few shots from a fieldpiece, surrendered to Smallwood. It contained, besides the wives of several officers, clothing for four British regiments, over one thousand stands of arms and ammunition, pork, butter, wine and other foods and a great deal of baggage of officers. A slooper (sic) was also captured with flour, pork, poultry, and other supplies. These were probably the most valuable prizes of the war, to date.
Smallwood, in June 1778, left Wilmington and re-joined Washington, who left Valley Forge on the 19th.

[Interesting note in letter of Washington to Smallwood at Wilmington, related doctor's library on brig Symmetry]

MONMOUTH, 28 Jun 1778
On 27 Jun 1778, the British took up a strong position near Monmouth Court House, New Jersey. Major General Charles Lee was given command of Washington's advance corps about five miles distant. Lee, on the morning of the twenty-eighth, was ordered to attack the British rear. After marching five miles, Washington, who was bringing up the main body to support the advance, learned that Lee was retreating, marching his troops directly upon the rear division. Washington rode at once to Lee, whom he accosted with a warmth of language which he rarely used, and ordered him to re-form his division and bring it into immediate action, which Lee promptly did. Washington then asked for an officer to lead a body to check the British advance. Lieutenant Colonel Nathaniel Ramsay, 3rd Maryland, volunteered and held the enemy in check for half an hour. Fighting sword in hand, he fell, pierced with may wounds, and was taken prisoner. The British loss: about five hundred killed and many wounded. The American loss: sixty-nine killed and about one hundred sixty wounded. Maryland casualties, in addition to Lieutenant Colonel Ramsay: killed, Lieutenant Owen Haymond, 6th Regiment... Lieutenant Nathan Williams, 6th Regiment.

The winter of 1778-1779 was spent by the Maryland forces at Middlebrook, New Jersey.

A strong post occupied by the British on the Hudson was garrisoned by about six thousand men. The Americans, with two columns, one of one hundred and fifty volunteers under Lieutenant Colonel Fleury, a French engineer, the second of one hundred and fifty volunteers mostly of the Maryland Line under Major John Stewart, led the advance. Without firing a musket, using only the bayonet, they captured the garrison. The American loss: fifteen killed, eighty-three wounded. The British loss: eighty-three killed, five hundred and fifty-three prisoners, including twenty-eight officers.

On 16 April 1780, the Maryland Division and the Delaware Regiment, ..., marched from their winter quarters near Morristown, New Jersey, bound for Charleston, South Carolina....